Proclus provides the only reference ascribing the Elements to Euclid. His textbook ‘Elements’ remained a highly influential mathematics teaching book until the late 19th Century and is one of the most widely published books in the world. Most sources estimate his death to have occurred somewhere in the middle of the third century B.C. He presented the theorems and problems with great clarity, showed the solutions concisely and logically, and his Elements has remained a standard geometry text for more than two thousand years since his death. If a straight line be cut into equal and unequal segments, the rectangle contained by the unequal segments of the whole together with the square on the straight line between the points of section is equal to the square on the half. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Euclid of Alexandria"; Heath 1956, p. 4; Heath 1981, p. 355. Greece. Euclid of Alexandria was a Greek mathematician. It considers the connection between perfect numbers and Mersenne primes (known as the Euclid–Euler theorem), the infinitude of prime numbers, Euclid's lemma on factorization (which leads to the fundamental theorem of arithmetic on uniqueness of prime factorizations), and the Euclidean algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor of two numbers. Born:c. 365 BC. This biography is generally believed to be fictitious. Euclid: c. 365 - 300 B.C.E. [5], Very few original references to Euclid survive, so little is known about his life. [9] In the only other key reference to Euclid, Pappus of Alexandria (c. 320 AD) briefly mentioned that Apollonius "spent a very long time with the pupils of Euclid at Alexandria, and it was thus that he acquired such a scientific habit of thought" c. 247–222 BC. Alexandria, Egypt. The geometrical system described in the Elements was long known simply as geometry, and was considered to be the only geometry possible. 70 Years. Born: c. 365 BCBirthplace: Alexandria, EgyptDied: c. 275 BCLocation of death: Alexandria, EgyptCause of death: unspecified, Gender: MaleRace or Ethnicity: Middle EasternOccupation: Mathematician, Educator, Nationality: Ancient GreeceExecutive summary: Father of geometry. His Elements is one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics, serving as the main textbook for teaching mathematics (especially geometry) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century. By him doing this it influenced the … died 20 October 1890 73. Euclid's arrival in Alexandria came about ten years after its founding by Alexander the Great, which means he arrived c. 322 BC. [19], The fragment contains the statement of the 5th proposition of Book 2, which in the translation of T. L. Heath reads:[20]. Euclid was born around 365 B.C. Euclid. Until recently most scholars would have been content to say that Euclid was older than Archimedes on the ground that Euc… Euclid’s Elements is still recognized as one of the most prominent books on mathematics in history. Euclid was born in 1918 in Edmonton, Alberta and in 1923 the family moved to Washington, living in the Redmond & Carnation area. "[11] This anecdote is questionable since it is similar to a story told about Menaechmus and Alexander the Great. Answer 2: Euclid (/ˈjuːklɪd/; Ancient Greek: Εὐκλείδης – Eukleídēs, pronounced [eu̯.kleː.dɛːs]; fl. Nancy Council BAIRD, wife of Euclid BAIRD born 1812 died after 1860/before 1865 75. [13][14], Because the lack of biographical information is unusual for the period (extensive biographies being available for most significant Greek mathematicians several centuries before and after Euclid), some researchers have proposed that Euclid was not a historical personage, and that his works were written by a team of mathematicians who took the name Euclid from Euclid of Megara (à la Bourbaki). Little is known about his life, and what little is recounted is often in error, as the name Euclid was fairly common in his time and place. What was Euclid universities? [15], Although many of the results in Elements originated with earlier mathematicians, one of Euclid's accomplishments was to present them in a single, logically coherent framework, making it easy to use and easy to reference, including a system of rigorous mathematical proofs that remains the basis of mathematics 23 centuries later.[17]. Euclid. Euclid is one of the world's most famous mathematicians, yet very little is known of his life, except that he taught at Ptolemy's university at Alexandria, Egypt. (No birth registration has yet been located). Claude Monet was born 14th November 1840 in Paris, France. He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323–283 BC). Died: c. 270 B.C.E. [7], A detailed biography of Euclid is given by Arabian authors, mentioning, for example, a birth town of Tyre. Euclid Born: About 325 BC in Alexandria, Egypt Died about 265 BC in Alexandria, Egypt Approximate age at death was 60. Cause of death:unspecified. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Euclid of Alexandria"; Struik p. 51 ("their logical structure has influenced scientific thinking perhaps more than any other text in the world"). In addition to the Elements, at least five works of Euclid have survived to the present day. He was likely born c. 325 BC, although the place and circumstances of both his birth and death are unknown and may only be estimated roughly relative to other people mentioned with him. He was known for his treatise on geometry: the elements. Euclid was a mathematician whose third century B.C. Born In: Alexandria. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Theon of Alexandria", Oxford University Museum of Natural History, "One of the Oldest Extant Diagrams from Euclid", One of the oldest extant diagrams from Euclid, "NASA Delivers Detectors for ESA's Euclid Spacecraft", Texts on Ancient Mathematics and Mathematical Astronomy, "The elements of geometrie of the most auncient Philosopher Euclide of Megara", Ancient Greek and Hellenistic mathematics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Euclid&oldid=995749712, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 18:10. 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